How to change shutter speed, aperture on Nikon D3100

For the new photographers or those who has the photography dream, Nikon D3100 really is a great choice. Why did we suppose that? The reason is that the manufacturer presents this model to mainly aim at the beginners with casual shooters but not for those who like exploring the hardcore or the professionals. If you use to experience D3000, you recognize that they share the same interface. Thus, it is very easy to use and control all of functions, and you ultimately can adjust everything you want in spite of not being a photography expert.

As you know, the way to control the exposure of the images is one of the essential factors which the photographers must know. Surely, you all used to learn what the exposure is? It is the entire amount of the captured light on the camera sensor when you make a process of photography. In normally, most of the digital camera currently have three techniques to adjust the amount of light; those are shutter ISO and aperture. In this page, we want to show you how to change shutter speed and aperture of Nikon D3100 model which is one of the most bestseller models on the market. Hope to you enjoy it!

Nikon D3100 Shutter Speed

About shutter speed

Before presenting how to change shutter speed, we suppose that you should know what is shutter speed and how it work in detail? The cameras all have the “blinder” that includes the sensor of the camera. It has the mission that allows the slit light pass through the lens so as to reach the sensor of your camera. We know that you have met the situation that your pictures are blurry when getting the weak light or the fast movements of the subject in your image. The reason is the fast shutter speed. Therefore, you have to know the way to control the shutter speed efficiently so that you can capture the perfect picture without any mistake.

Nikon D3100 Shutter Speed
Nikon D3100 Shutter Speed

How to change the shutter speed on Nikon D3100

Do not let you wait anymore! We will point out how to control the shutter speed right now. Firstly, you have to make sure that your camera is in turn on the situation. To turn on your DSLR camera, you have to flick the switch across the dial on/off to on then you see the screen will turn on. If suddenly the screen disappears, you click on the info button on the top and it will come back. After that, in order to change out the shutter speed, you just need to move the dial which is located on your right hand and close to the screen to the left side or the right side. Then you will see the changing of the shutter speed on the screen, and you can choose, keep moving until you have the right exposure indicated by the light meter.  It is so easy, right? You completely can do that although you just are the beginners.  The subject shutter speed depends on what subject you want to capture. If you want your picture to be not blurry, you should choose no slower than 1/30 seconds for holding by hand, 1/80 for moving subjects and 1/500 for quick moving subjects.

Nikon D3100 Shutter Speed
Nikon D3100 Shutter Speed


Use your electronic rangefinder in your viewfinder to shoot in the manual focus mode, it is how to disable the auto focus assist light of the camera in the low light conditions.

Read carefully the manual

You should spend more time for practicing in the real situations.

Nikon D3100 Aperture

About aperture/F-stop lens of Nikon D3100

Like finding out the way to change the shutter speed, the first thing you have to do is that know what aperture is. It is kind of circular hole which allows the light through to touch the sensor. The smaller hole will limit the light and allow less light pass so it will help you to create the darker photo. Generally, Aperture performs in f-stops on your camera. For example, if you want to take a photo of a kind of the nice creamy blur you can use f-stops of 3.5 but with the landscape picture and you have to focus on everything you have to use f-stops of 11 or 12.

Nikon D3100 Aperture / Fstop
Nikon D3100 Aperture / Fstop

The way to control the aperture/ F-stop lens

Now, we start to learn how to adjust aperture on Nikon D3100. First of all, make sure your camera is on. Then you have to press the button next to the shutter release and the info button on the top of the camera. You have to press and hold this button at once while you are moving the dial to the left or the right. You should remember that on the Nikon D3100, it will give you a visual of the physical size at the aperture as well as the f-stops number. The f-stops on the screen will change. It is also easy, isn’t? if you choose the low f-stops as 3.5, it will allow a lot of light whereas high f-stops like 11 or 12 will allow less light to reach the sensor and you will capture the dark picture. In sum up, the low aperture will allow much light with short depth of the field. The high aperture with little light will make the whole photo in focus.

Nikon D3100 Aperture / Fstop
Nikon D3100 Aperture / Fstop



According to this page, you can see that shutter speed and aperture lens of Nikon D3100 adjustment is very simple. The shutter speed and aperture are the main things you have to know when you want to take the photo and with the D3100, it becomes simple even more. You just need to know the function of all the buttons on this camera you absolutely can control the entire camera. If you are the newcomer in photography field you should consider this model for the first time. Take everything easy with Nikon D3100!

About Ethan Greys

Helle I'm Ethan Greys, my favorite activity is taking awesome photos with different camera DSLR kit. If you want to ask any thing, feel free to comment bellow! Cheer!

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